Checkerboard and dominoes
This is a rather well known puzzle, but for good reason.
A regular checker board has 64 squares (arranged in an 8 by 8 square). You happen to have a set of dominoes, each of which can cover exactly 2 squares on the checker board. Suppose you cut out one square from opposite corners. Is it possible to cover this mutilated board with non-overlapping dominoes? That is, is there a way to pair up the remaining 62 squares so that the two squares in each pair are adjacent? Prove your answer.